Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi (HSK) (汉语水平考试), is the official Chinese language proficiency test for non-native Chinese speakers. It was originally developed in 1984, by the Beijing Language and Culture University and the first overseas test was held in 1991. However, in 2010 Hanban introduced a new test format for a more comprehensive assessment of candidates Chinese communicative ability.
It is the quintessential examination for assessing the ability of non-native Chinese speakers to communicate in aspects of their daily, academic and professional lives. This examination evaluate students competency of the Chinese Language based on 4 components of communication: listening, reading, writing, and speaking. The HSK offers 6 levels of examinations, ranging from level 1 for beginners to level 6 for mastery of the Chinese language.